08 Aug Recovery Nutrition in Children and Teen Athletes
Proper nutrition is key to ensure optimal recovery of young athletes after a long training, practice, or game day. Most athletes train for several hours a day, at least five days a week. In addition, some tournaments or games involve multiple sessions during the day. Thus, athletes training and competing at this intensity should fuel adequately after physical activity to reduce changes of fatigue, impaired performance, increased muscle soreness, and injuries that could result from poor recovery.
Three Main Goals of Recovery Nutrition
Athletes with no underlying medical conditions should aim for at least 1-1.5 g of carbohydrates/kg of body weight. In addition, athletes should also consider including carbohydrate rich foods at subsequent meals and snacks throughout the day to ensure full restoration of glycogen stores.
Healthy athletes should aim for snacks or meals, providing 0.2-0.4 g of pro/kg of body weight. Athletes should also take into account that high-quality protein sources, which contain all the essential amino acids, will more efficiently support muscle repair and growth. Some examples of high-quality protein foods are meat, eggs, cheese, cow’s milk, yogurt, tofu, soymilk and pea milk.
Recommended fluid replacement volumes for healthy young athletes
- Adolescent: 16-24 fl. oz per pound of weight loss
- Younger children: 16 fl. oz per pound of weight loss
If the athlete doesn’t have another event until 20-24 hours later, the athlete can wait to consume the nutrients essential for recovery on his/her next meal within 3 hours of completing the training.
On the other hand, if the athlete is training or competing multiple times per day or on multiple consecutive days, the athlete should consume a recovery meal or snack within 30 minutes of finishing the physical activity.
Recovery Snack Ideas
- Low-fat chocolate milk with peanut butter, banana, and jelly sandwich
- Smoothie made soy yogurt, a variety of fruits, and spinach
- Low-fat Greek yogurt parfait (including granola and fruits) with water as the drink
- Applesauce, string cheese with low-fat milk.
Recovery Meal Ideas
- Chicken sandwich on whole wheat bread and a fruit salad with low-fat frozen yogurt
- Rice bowl with tofu, beans, stir-fried vegetables, and tortilla chips
- Grilled salmon with quinoa and a spinach salad top off with pieces of orange and walnuts
- Vegetable omelet served with breakfast potatoes and a fruit salad
**Drink water or low-fat milk along with meals.
As recovery strategies should be tailored to meet the individual carbohydrate, protein, and fluid needs of your athlete.
1. Kleinman, R.; Greer, F. (2014). Pediatric nutrition: policy of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Itasca, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
2. Recovery Nutrition. (2020, July 17). Retrieved October 01, 2020, from https://www.sportsdietitians.com.au/factsheets/coaches-toolkit/recovery-nutrition-2/